Often we cannot be sure if a parameter passed in to a function has a value. To write error safe code all those parameters have to be checked for null and handled. We have the ?? coalesce operator to help, but still it can be quite a lot of code. Through the use of extension methods a lot of cases can be handled. As extension methods are in reality static methods of another class, they work even if the reference is null. This can be utilized to write utility methods for various cases. In this post I’ll show two cases, one is an extension that returns a default value for an XML attribute value if the attribute or even the element is missing. The other one handles the common case when a null sequence reference passed should be handled as an empty sequence.